The statutory framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum
(EYFS) sets the standards that all early years providers must meet to ensure that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe.
Four guiding principles shape practice in early years settings.
• A Unique Child – recognising that every child is a competent learner from
birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured
• Positive Relationships – children learn to be strong and independent from a
base of loving and secure relationships with parents and/or key workers
• Enabling Environments – that the environment plays a key role in supporting
and extending children’s development and learning
* Learning and Development – recognising that children develop and learn in
different ways and at different rates
In the Reception year the children follow the Early Years Foundation Stage
Curriculum, which is a continuation of the learning they have experienced in their preschool and nursery settings. We plan for quality learning experiences that enable the children to learn through first hand experiences, play and practical activities. There are seven areas of learning and development.
The three prime areas are :
·Communication and language
·Personal, social and emotional development
In addition there are four specific areas through which the prime areas are strengthened and applied, these are:
·Understanding the world
·Expressive arts and design
As part of the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum we will also reflect on the different ways in which children learn and develop effective learning characteristics through
·Playing and exploration
·Creativity and critical thinking
The Prime Areas of learning:
1.Communication and Language – involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment. To develop their ability to express themselves, developing their speaking and listening skills in a variety of situations.
2. Physical Development
Involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive and to develop their co-ordination , control and movement .Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity and to make healthy choices in relation to food.
3. Personal, Social and Emotional Development
Involves helping young children to develop a positive sense of themselves and others. To form positive relationships and develop respect for others. To develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings, to understand appropriate behaviour in groups and to have confidence in their own abilities.
The Specific Areas of learning
1. Literacy - involves using a structured systematic programme for the teaching of phonics (letter sounds) based around Jolly Phonics encouraging children to begin to read and write. Teaching the children how to form letters correctly and see writing as an important communication tool. Developing an enthusiasm and love of books and teaching them specific reading skills.
2.Mathematics - involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting ,understanding and using numbers. Developing calculation strategies in addition and subtraction problems as well as developing their knowledge of shape, space and measures.
3. Understanding the World - Guiding children to make sense of the physical world and their communities by providing opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
4.Expressive Arts and Design
Involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role play and design and technology